St. Bernard, Doctor of the Church
Download Mini Bulletin August 23

Imagine Veto Power Over a Papal Conclave

Such power was exercised by select European monarchs to prevent the election of popes they deemed inimical to their interests. Pius X was elected as a result of the papal conclaves unofficial choice having been vetoed by the Emperor of Austria. Nearly his first act as pope was to formally outlaw the influence of any foreign monarch over the papal conclave, interesting since he himself was a beneficiary of such a practice.